World Environment Day: Celebration, Conservation, and People

The digital era, 21st century is a period where a major focus is upon technology and advancement. There are continuous efforts to bring better innovations and meet demands. Eventually, it impacts the lifestyle of the community towards the betterment. Every sector from the accommodation, production, services and transportation comes under this. However, in this rush to enable a better lifestyle, we as a whole, have forgotten the aspect of ‘sustainable development.’ This aspect brings us to celebrating World Environment Day every year..

The very environment that sustains life, is saturated with toxins. Pollution has resulted in the degradation of air. The water that we drink, and the food we grow are becoming increasingly toxic for usage. You must have heard the words ‘Global warming’, ‘Climate change and ‘Ozone holes’ a lot of times. 

To counter these effects, an awareness campaign is observed for the same. Every year, on the 5th of June, in form of World Environment Day.’

World Environment Day – 5th June 2021

Every year, there is a unified celebration of World Environment Day on the 5th of June, across the globe. It signifies the awareness regarding issues that the planet Earth faces due to various man-governed activities. 

On this day, rallies and programs for advertising the unpopular ideas which could help sustain the environment. It has become evident from the present scenarios how important it is to stop the exploitation of the Environment. This aspect leads to sustainable development. Celebrated since the year 1974, World Environment day has helped sustain and protect living organisms. The Planet Earth and its resources, and several habitats on the verge of extinction such as forests are being gradually replenished.

Theme based Celebrations

Under the celebration, environmentalists plan particular theme-based aims and policies. These policies recieve support from various NGOs governments and society as a whole. Such events signify and help spread awareness regarding ways for environmental protection. The theme for the year 2020 was to Celebrate Biodiversity. For 2021, it is Ecosystem Restoration. The recent events; Pandemic, Forest fires, Storms have significantly affected the Ecosystem apart from the regular human exploitation.

Environmentalists and Conservationists

However, it is not just 5th June but the whole year that we must remember to protect the environment. Several environmental activists understand its importance and spread awareness for the same. 

Listed below are some prominent environmentalists, activists, and their contributions. Read on to find more.

Dr. Krithi Karanth

A well-known scientist for the conservation of wildlife and biodiversity, Dr. Krithi has vast experience of over 20 years. She was born in Mangalore, Karnataka. Dr. Krithi is the first Asian and Indian recipient of the ‘WILD Innovator Award’. Her work expertise includes studying the human patterns of living and their effects on the environment. She has written innumerable works and studies regarding the same. 

The Chief Conservation scientist has mentored over 150 young scientists, carried out 100+ studies, and published articles. Her work experience has reached people through famous media networks such as GQ India, BBC, Al Jazeera, and many more. Dr. Krithi has also co-produced documentaries like Wild Seve, Humane Highways, and Wild Shaale. These documentaries bring the issues and effects of human activities on natural resources into the limelight. 

She has been a recipient of several awards and rewards such as India’s Power Woman – Femina, INK Fellow, Woman of the year – Elle India, and WINGS Women of Discovery Award for Conservation. Further, Dr. Krithi also received the Rolex award for enterprise and GQ’s Environmental Hero award.

Hans Cosmas Ngoteya

A Tanzanian conservationist, Hans spent his childhood among the hills of Kilimanjaro and always had a passion for wildlife. He is also the co-founder of an NGO by the name ‘Landscape and Conservation Mentors’. 

Hans aims to spread awareness among people regarding the importance of the Environment and natural resources for human survival. As per him, it is not only rangers and wildlife protectors, but the responsibility of every citizen of the planet to conserve the wildlife and environment as a whole. The well-known activist is also an ambassador for the sustainable use of natural resources. 

Hans has devised ways for the coexistence of both wildlife and humans. This aspect further encourages to follow sustainable environmental practices.

Sunita Narain

A strong supporter of Sustainable development, Sunita Narain is a well-established Indian environmentalist. She has also earned a place in Time Magazine’s 100 most influential people in 2016. Further, Sunita is also an editor of the fortnightly magazine Down to Earth, and the director-general of the Indian-based research institute, Centre for Science and Environment. 

Sunita Narain holds a vast amount of experience, as her works have been published in several personal as well as co-authored publications ever since 1989. Some of them are, Global Warming in an Unequal World: a case of environmental colonialism, Dying Wisdom: Rise, Fall, and Potential of India’s Water Harvesting Systems and many more. 

Sunita also appeared in a documentary Before the Flood, featuring Leonardo DiCaprio. She talked on the topic, Impact of Climate change on the Monsoon in India, highlighting the problems of Farmers regarding the same issue. 
The veteran environmentalist has been awarded the Padma Shri in 2005, IAMCR Climate Change Communication Research in Action award in 2016, and the Edinburgh medal in 2020.

Neha Sinha

A prime environmental activist, writer, Neha Sinha believes in celebrating and nurturing the environment every day. She emphasized creating an environment for the co-existence of flora, fauna, and humans. 

The conservationist is known for her contribution to the Amur Falcon conservation program, Bird protection, and much more. Her awareness campaigns are well spread in the regions of Nagaland and Manipur. She also devises Environmental policy briefs for BNHS, and, has published works such as the book Wild and Wilful, articles such as Balcony Birding and Lockdown. 
Further, she has also tutored the subject of environmental policies at Delhi University during her career and at present works with the Bombay Natural History Society. Neha Sinha is also a consulting editor for environment-related articles for The Wire.

Ways To Be A Responsible Citizen for Environment Conservation

There are several ways to protect, conserve, and sustain the environment as a whole. It includes following the three R’s –

  • Reduce Waste
  • Reuse Resources 
  • Recycle Products

Further, saving water, planting trees, treating waste through ETPs before disposal, and sustainable usage of natural resources are some more ways to conserve the environment. Certain other ways for the same could be:


Making ‘Best out of Waste’ has been quite a popularity in recent times. Upcycling is the act of producing some art, products, or Jewellery pieces from waste. This prevents the accumulation of waste and also helps in the production of items.

Conserving electricity

There are several ways to conserve electricity such as better bulbs and lightning appliances, proper ventilation, and energy-saving appliances. Several paints, house designs, and MOCs could help in the conservation of electricity


Carpooling is another great way to conserve the environment. It helps to avoid the carbon footprint and hence saves energy. This activity helps to prevent the emissions of greenhouse gases, hence saving the Planet Earth.


The environment is an important factor to consider, especially today when we face the most dangerous and uncertain times, believed to be nature’s fury. By overlooking this aspect anymore, we most certainly will invite more trouble. On this 5th of June, as we celebrate World Environment Day, remember it is but our responsibility to take care of our planet and its environment. This is possible by devising strategies for sustainable development and aiming at co-existence of all species.


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